STORY OF THE CARSONS
a narrative history of my Carson ancestors, illustrated with
photographs, where these are available. Family group charts can be
viewed by clicking on underlined names.
of the Name
first record of the name occurred in the 13th century, in the form
Acarson. Other early forms of the name were de Carsan, a Carsan,
Acrassane, Acarsane, Akersan, a Kersane and Carssane. The name
appears to have originated in the south-west of Scotland and to be
of British (i.e. Welsh) derivation although the actual meaning is
in Early History
The first persons to have
been recorded as bearing the name Carson or a variant of it were:-
Acarsan, bailiff of Isle of Man, appointed by King Alexander
de Carsan, parson, Kircandres, Dumfriesshire,1296
Acarson took Dumfries castle, 1305
and Gilbert Acrassane, jurors at Dumfries, 1367
The Carsons were an ancient
family in Galloway, which ended in the direct line in the reign of
of the Carsons to Ulster
early 17th century the plantation of Ulster commenced, this being
a scheme by King James I of Great Britain to settle this
rebellious province of Ireland with loyal Protestant subjects.
Many of the settlers came from south-west Scotland, and included
people of the name Carson. Carsons settled first in Co Tyrone and
later spread to other parts of the province, especially Antrim and
Derry. Carson is still a common name in these counties.
earliest known Carson ancestor was Matthew
Carson, who was born around 1803,
probably in the county of Antrim in Ulster. He married Agnes
Ferguson (known as Nancy), born about 1821, the daughter of John
Ferguson, a farm labourer, and
Janet Wallace. Matthew was a quarry labourer, working in the
coastal limestone quarry at Whitehead at the mouth of Belfast
Lough. Matthew and Nancy had at least six children, Eliza, or
Elizabeth, born c1844, Jane, born c1846, John, c1852, Matthew
c1854, Thomas in 1855 and William James in 1857. The family
appears to have belonged to the Church of Ireland, as Thomas and
William were baptized into that denomination. It is believed that
the family lived in the quarry workers' cottages above the old
harbour of Whitehead, which are still inhabited. When the family
lived there, the town of Whitehead had not even begun to be built.
In 1865, while living at Whitehead, Jane
had an illegitimate son, William, whose father is unknown. Two
years later her sister Eliza also had an illegitimate son, Andrew
Downey, who is believed to have been named after his father,
Andrew Downey. Sadly the infant died after only 2 months of life.
In 1871, Matthew senior died at Whitehead, aged 68. The following
year, a happier family occasion took place when Eliza
married Richard Johnston, a sailor, son of Francis and Elizabeth
Johnston, in Templecorran Parish Church in the nearby village of
Ballycarry. A happy occasion was soon followed by a tragedy,
however, when Thomas died the next month, aged only 16. Later that
year Eliza and Richard had their first child, Elizabeth.
to Scotland by Some of the Family
December 1873, Jane
Carson, then aged about 28, her
son William, aged 8, and her mother, left Ireland to settle in
Stevenston, Ayrshire, Scotland. By December 1874, Jane's sister
Eliza and her husband Richard and their infant daughter had also
migrated to Stevenston, where their second daughter was born in
that month. The reason for various family members moving to
Scotland is not known, though Stevenston lies near the ferry port
of Ardrossan. Many Irish people came to Stevenston in the
nineteenth century, particularly to work in the local coal mines.
The widowed Nancy Carson worked as a washerwoman, but in June 1875
she fell ill with fever and died at the age of 54. Jane found work
in Stevenston as a seamstress or fringer and at other times as a
washerwoman. While living at Fullerton Place in 1876 she had
another illegitimate son, John, the father's name again being
unknown. By 1881, the family was living in Boglemart Street and
stayed at various different addresses there over the years. Jane
died there in 1907 at the age of 62.
is not known whether Matthew
junior came across at the same
time, but by January 1875 he was living at Lugton, also in
Ayrshire and working as a miner, probably in the local iron ore
mine. There he married Eliza Howard, also from County Antrim, the
daughter of Arthur Howard and Ellen Bryson.
After arriving from Ireland,
Eliza, also known as Elizabeth, and her husband Richard Johnston
remained in Stevenston for the rest of their lives, staying at
various addresses in Boglemart Street and Townhead Street. Soon
after settling in Stevenston, they had a second daughter, Agnes,
in 1874. Richard found employment initially in the local ironworks
as a furnace filler, but by 1891 he had become a dock labourer,
though it is not known which port he worked at. By 1901 he had
found work as a labourer in Nobel's huge Ardeer dynamite works. In
1905, Richard died of a heart and lung disease and anaemia. After
Richard's death Eliza went to live in Auchenharvie Cottages in
Stevenston, but in 1920 she had to be admitted to the Cunninghame
Poorhouse, where she died that year.
married Alexander Love Dinning, a coal miner, in 1896, and they
had at least 3 children, Elizabeth, born c1897, Janet Love, born
1898, and Agnes Johnston, born 1900. Sadly, Agnes junior died of
bronchitis after only six weeks of life. In 1920 Elizabeth married
James Marshall, a paper mill worker, while in 1922 Janet married
John McLuckie, a coal miner. Janet and John had at least one son.
At some stage Alexander and Agnes moved to the nearby town of
Kilwinning, where Agnes died in 1925 and Alexander in 1952.
junior married Thomas McCubbin, an explosives worker, in 1901. In
January of the next year Elizabeth gave birth to a daughter,
Elizabeth Carson, but tragically she died only a month later of
the kidney disease, nephritis. In 1905, Thomas married again, to
Margaret Wylie, but another tragedy struck in 1915 when he died in
an explosion at Nobel's factory, in which 3 men were killed.
Thomas and Elizabeth's daughter Elizabeth married Robert Houston
in 1929, and they had a daughter, Elizabeth Johnstone, in 1929.
Tragedy was soon to strike yet again, when the infant died after
only 4 days. Elizabeth Carson McCubbin lived until 1981, when she
died in the nearby town of Saltcoats.
to Ireland by Matthew
By the next year, Matthew
junior had left Scotland again
with his new wife and had returned to Co. Antrim. They settled
in Glynn parish, on the shores of Larne Lough, where they had
at least eight children - Ellen, born 1876, Agnes, 1878, John
1880, Margaret 1883, Matthew 1885, Arthur 1886, Sarah Howard
1890 and Lizzie Jane 1893. At first the family stayed in the
townland of Ballypollard, but later they were in adjacent
Ballylig. Matthew worked as a labourer, probably in the large
Magheramorne limestone quarry nearby.
Matthew & Eliza Carson and family
Eliza died in 1925, and
Matthew again moved across the water to Scotland, to live with his
daughter Maggie and family in the small town of Kilbirnie in
Ayrshire (see below). There Matthew died in 1934, aged 81.
Matthew and Eliza's children, Ellen
married Thomas Howard, her mother's cousin, in 1897. Thomas was a
ship's officer. and they had at least five children - Matthew,
born 1898, Mary, 1901, John, 1904, Isabella, 1911 and Thomas,
1919. The family lived alternately at Ballylig and Belfast. After
1916 they stayed at 30 Edlingham Street, Belfast, which they moved
into after Ellen's brother John and his family vacated it in
c1916, following some disturbances in the area. Ellen died in
1937, aged 60 and Thomas died in 1943, aged 81. Of their children,
Matthew died in 1979, aged 80. Mary married Thomas John Hull, a
doctor, went to live in London, and had two children. John
remained unmarried and died in Belfast in 1956, aged 51. Isabella
married Richard Harvey in Belfast in 1930, and had 3 children.
Later she married for a second time, to George Henry Bull, and had
4 more children. She died in 2005. Thomas married Maud Rose
Katherine Wood in Essex, and they set up home in Romford. They had
two children, Thomas, who died in 1977, and Maud, who died in
married James Hughes, a cabinetmaker, in Ballymena in 1900, and
they lived at first at Larne in Co. Antrim, before setting up home
in Belfast by 1905, where James owned a furniture shop. They lived
firstly at 53 Belmont Street and later at 33 Campbell Park Avenue.
By 1912, the family had moved again, this time to the town of
Antrim, but by 1917 they were back in Belfast. Agnes and James had
at least seven children - Matthew Carson, born 1903, Jane, 1905,
Elizabeth, 1907, Ellen, 1909, John, 1912, Arthur James, 1915 and
David Harold, 1917. Little is known of the children, except for
Arthur, who died in 1994, and David, who followed his father into
the cabinetmaking trade. In 1962, he was living in the family home
at 33 Campbell Park Avenue. Agnes died in 1944 aged 65, and is
buried in Dundonald Cemetery, Belfast. James lived to the age of
92, and is buried beside his wife.
became a baker in Belfast, later moving to Larne. He married Sarah
Young in 1904 and they had seven children - Matthew, born 1906,
Margaret Evelyn, 1910, John, 1912, James, 1913, Arthur, 1914,
Frederick, 1917 and Sarah, 1921. Frederick died as an infant.
Matthew became a baker like his father, and emigrated to Montreal
in Canada, where he died in 1985. Margaret Evelyn, known as
Evelyn, married David McDowell and died in Larne in 2007. John
junior, known as Jack, also became a baker, but nothing more is
known of him. James was unmarried and died in 1988. Arthur moved
to England, married, and died in Yeovil, Somerset, in 1979. Sarah
married Robert Aiken and they went to live in Ballymena. John
senior in 1960, aged 79, while Sarah senior died in 1969.
went to Ayrshire in 1905 to be her cousin John's second wife (see
became a sailor, probably at first in the merchant service, before
joining the Royal Navy in 1906. He served as a stoker until 1911,
when he was invalided out. In 1912 he married Elizabeth Bowes, and
they had at least five children. In the 1920s and 30s he was back
in the Merchant Navy, when he was employed on various ships as a
greaser, trimmer and fireman, sailing to Australia and USA. The
family home was at 102 Mervue St, Belfast, just round the corner
from Edlingham St, where Matthew's parents lived.
Arthur died in 1907, aged
20, while Sarah and Lizzie Jane are believed to have remained
unmarried and to have moved together to England.
In the latter part of the
nineteenth century, coal mining was a prosperous industry in the
Stevenston area, as it had been for more than a hundred years,
especially since the construction of a canal had allowed easy
export of coal to Ireland from Saltcoats harbour. By 1881, William
was working as a pit boy. In that year he was unable to work for
several months, being confined to bed with sores on his body, and
he was forced to apply for poor relief from the parish. Although
the family had earlier stayed at Fullerton Place, by 1881 they
were at Boglemart Street, where many miners lived. In 1888,
William left the pits and found employment as a labourer in
Nobel's dynamite factory at Ardeer, a fateful decision. This
factory, which opened in 1873, was to grow into one of the biggest
in Scotland, employing many thousands.
Carson (1865-1902) c1900
Carson Family c1904
1888, William married Elizabeth Beveridge Smith, daughter of
Samuel Smith, engine-keeper at Bartonholm Colliery between
Kilwinning and Irvine, and Marion Hunter. (See "The
Story of the Smith Family"). William
and Elizabeth's first house was at Schoolwell Street in
Stevenston, before they moved to Carment Drive and lived there for
about seven years. Finally they returned to the Boglemart about
1899. William and Elizabeth had seven children.
Tragedy struck the family on
7th October 1902, when William was killed in an explosion at work.
Newspaper reports stated that the bang could be heard as far away
as Arran and Troon, and windows were broken in Ardrossan and
The Carson family at
their shop in Boglemart Street, Stevenston c1906
William's death Elizabeth ran a grocer's shop in Stevenston and
thereby met her second husband, James Robertson Paton, a traveller
in confectionery, whom she married in 1907. It appears that the
marriage was not a happy one, however, as they separated in 1918.
Paton went to London where he committed bigamy with a Mrs
Henriette Wheeler, going through a marriage ceremony with her at
Kensington Registry Office in 1919. He separated from her in 1922,
and later Mrs Wheeler discovered him living with another woman,
also calling herself 'Mrs Paton'. Suspecting bigamy, Mrs Wheeler
reported this to the police, who investigated the matter,
discovering that Paton had been previously married in Scotland.
Elizabeth and Mrs Wheeler testified at Paton's trial at the Old
Bailey on 23 June 1922, when he was sentenced to 6 months
imprisonment, served in Pentonville Jail, London. Elizabeth
divorced Paton in 1923. Only three years later Elizabeth died of
stomach cancer in Glasgow's Western Infirmary, aged 65.
was born in 1876, the second son of Jane Carson and younger
brother of William. He began work as an apprentice brickmaker, but
by 1898 he had found employment in Nobel's dynamite works,
becoming a foreman and remained there till at least 1916. In June
1898 he married Mary Miller, daughter of William Miller and Mary
McDougall. Tragedy was soon to strike them, as Mary died soon
after giving birth to their first child, Matthew, in November of
the same year. Then little Matthew died after only seventeen days
of life. John was alone again.
years later, however, he found happiness again, when in 1905 he
married his cousin Margaret, known as Maggie, the daughter of
and Elizabeth Howard. Maggie had been born in Ballylig, Glynn
parish, Co. Antrim. John and Margaret lived at various different
addresses in Stevenston, including Boglemart Street, Glen Sannox
Cottage and Nobel's Villas, until after 1916. While in Stevenston
they had six children - Elizabeth Howard, born 1906, Matthew,
1908, Arthur, 1910, Jane, 1912, John, 1914 and William James.
Around the end of the First World War, John found a new job as a
producer gas worker at Glengarnock Steelworks, about ten miles
from Stevenston, and the family flitted to the adjacent town of
Kilbirnie, staying first in Central Avenue and later in South
Neuk, both in the Garden City area. After flitting to Kilbirnie,
John and Margaret had another three children - Ellen, born 1920,
Samuel, 1922 and Robert 1923. Following the death of his wife
Eliza, Maggie's father Matthew came from Ireland to Kilbirnie to
live with the family. He died in 1934 at the age of 81.
John died in Ayr in 1943 of
a stroke, aged 66, while Maggie, having moved to Muirpark in
Beith, died there of heart failure in 1952, aged 69.
Of the children, Elizabeth,
known as Betty, married John Bell in 1932 and they had two
children. John died in 1971 and Betty in 1972, aged 66.
Matthew and Arthur emigrated
to Brisbane in Australia in 1926, aged only 18 and 16. At some
stage Matthew moved to Hobart, Tasmania, where he found employment
in a zinc smelting works. In 1936 he married Doris Emily Mills and
they had seven children. Matthew died in 1986 and Doris in 1989.
Arthur remained in the
Brisbane area, where he married and set up home at nearby
Southport. He and his wife had three children. Arthur died in 1988
at the age of 78.
In 1933, the family suffered
a tragic loss, when Jeanie, as Jane was known, drowned in the bath
on her twenty-first birthday. It is thought that she had taken an
epileptic fit, to which she was subject.
John married Agnes Burrows
Paterson in 1938 and they had three children. John died in 1985,
aged 70, and Agnes in 2003.
Ellen remained unmarried,
and lived most of her life in Kilbirnie, latterly moving to nearby
Beith, where she died in 1994, aged 74.
William James married
Isabella Harrison in 1944 and they had one child. About 1950 the
family moved to Lancashire, where William found work at the
Leyland commercial vehicle factory. He died at Penwortham,
Preston, in 1980, and Isabella died at Chorley, Lancashire in
Samuel joined the Royal Air
Force during the Second World War and became a Leading
Aircraftman. He served in the Far East, where he was captured by
the Japanese and died in a prisoner of war camp in Kalioe Village,
Haroekoe (Haruku) Island in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia).
He is buried in Ambon War Cemetery, and is commemorated on
Kilbirnie War memorial.
The youngest child, Robert,
sadly died after only 6 hours of life.
Samuel (known as Sam) was
the eldest child of William and Elizabeth and was a bright boy,
who is believed to have studied at Glasgow and Oxford
Universities, graduating from the latter in Latin & Greek. It
is known that after the death of Samuel's father the family
received financial assistance from the Nobel company, and this
probably allowed Sam to receive a University education.
He took up teaching as a
career, and in 1911 was working in Blackridge, West Lothian. When
the First World War began he enlisted in the army and served on
the Western Front, becoming a First Lieutenant in the Rifle
Brigade. Having survived the war, he was living in Newmilns, a
small town in Ayrshire's Irvine Valley, when in 1919 he married
Enid Eleanor Hopkins, a widow from Birmingham. Samuel and his wife
soon went to live at Cullercoats, Whitley Bay, Northumberland,
where they had one daughter. Later the family moved to the nearby
city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. After Enid's death in 1970 Sam moved
to Edinburgh to live with his daughter, but he died a few months
later at the age of 82.
Carson (b 1888)
Hunter Smith Carson (1890-1977)
Robert, known as Bob, the
second child of William and Elizabeth, was also a bright boy and
the dux of Stevenston Public School. Before leaving school he
acted for a time as a pupil teacher, a system whereby due to the
shortage of trained teachers, the older pupils taught the younger.
He was not lucky enough, however, to go to college, possibly as
his mother could not afford to send more than one child there.
While a boy, Robert had an unfortunate accident with an arrow
which damaged one eye, which he later lost. His first employment
was as a farm labourer on the Diddup farm near Stevenston.
1912 he decided to improve his lot by emigrating to Australia,
where his uncle Samuel
Smith, his mother's brother, had
done well for himself, becoming a trade union leader, a member of
the New South Wales Parliament and a member of the Arbitration
Court. It is believed his uncle may have promised to help him get
a job. Robert travelled around Australia a great deal and had a
number of jobs, including on a steamer serving islands in the
Great Barrier Reef in Queensland. It seems that Robert could not
settle "down under" and he returned to Scotland in 1914.
During the First World War he served briefly as a gunner in the
Machine Gun Corps, where he spent several weeks in the front line
in Flanders before having the good fortune to be discharged from
the Army, probably because of his poor eyesight.
this he moved to Paisley where he worked at Potterhill Railway
Station. While there he met Helen
Neilson (known as Nellie),
daughter of James Neilson and Annie Briggs, who was working in
service at one of the big houses in the nearby Thornly Park
district. They married in Paisley in 1918. The employment
situation between the wars was difficult in the west of Scotland
and Robert moved from job to job a great deal, as well as
experiencing periods of unemployment. Robert and Helen lived in
Paisley nearly twenty years and had two sons.
and Helen Carson
the family moved to Canal Street, Saltcoats, where Bob took on a
general store vacated by his aunts, Elizabeth and Agnes Carson.
After a fairly short time, the aunts wanted back into the shop, so
Bob managed to obtain another general store in Parkend Road,
Saltcoats and lived with Nellie in the adjacent flat. During the
Second World War, Bob worked in the ICI explosives factory at
Ardeer, formerly Nobel's, and Nellie ran the shop. Bob retired in
1952 and he and Nellie then moved to a larger flat upstairs in the
same building, before obtaining tenancy of a old people's flat in
Canal Street. Bob died in 1977 aged 87 and Nellie died in 1982
Known as Bill, he served in
the First World War, remaining in the army to serve in the
occupation army in the Rhineland till 1921. In 1923 he emigrated
to Canada and went to live in the Winnipeg area, where he worked
on farms. By 1929 he had returned to Britain, for in that year he
married Ada Wingfield in Birmingham, and they set up home there.
Bill and Ada had no children. He worked as a salesman for a
scientific instrument company, and died in 1961 of liver cancer,
aged 69. Ada died in 1977.
Known as Jeanie, Jane was
married twice, first to Joseph Cartner in 1939, then after his
death in 1962, to Walter Ferguson in 1964. Jeanie lived latterly
in Clydebank, Dunbartonshire, with her second husband who died in
1973. She suffered from diabetes and died in 1976, aged 80, from
gangrene of the foot. Jeanie had no children.
often called Lizzie, never married and for much of her life lived
with her younger sister Agnes. Together they ran general stores,
first in Saltcoats and later in Glasgow. On retirement they bought
a house at Tillietudlem, an old mining settlement near Blackwood,
Lanarkshire. At first they owned a car, but when they had to give
up driving, they found life difficult, as the village had no shops
or other facilities. They were both members of the Christian
Brethren at Crossford on the Clyde. Elizabeth died of cancer in
Law Hospital in 1983, aged 86.
also never married. In 1929 she emigrated to the USA, but later
returned to Scotland, possibly as a result of the Great
Depression. She then lived with her sister Elizabeth (see above)
until her death in 1983. Agnes was then unable to look after
herself and after spending a year in Law Hospital she moved into
Auchlochan old folk's home at Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, where she
died in 1990, aged 90.
Beveridge Smith Carson (1901-1964)
Henry, known as Harry,
became a blacksmith and worked in Nobel's dynamite factory at
Ardeer, Stevenston. He lived all his life in Stevenston, mostly in
Boglemart Street. The old house, part of the terrace fronting onto
the street, was demolished in the 1930s and rebuilt further back
as a bungalow. Harry married Ann Jane Beattie in 1930 and they had
four children. In 1952 Harry stood unsuccessfully for the first
Stevenston Town Council after it attained burgh status. He died of
a stroke in 1964, aged 63 and Ann Jane died in 1966.